Get active. Sailing, cycling, walking and birdwatching (including flamingoes on lakes Alyki and Chortarolimni) are popular things to do in Lemnos.
Discover the lovely, empty beaches of the west of the island. Head for Avlonas, which is pristine, or the town beaches of Romeïkós Yialós and Toúrkikos Yialós and Rihá Nerá. Kondias is the most appealing of the towns in this area. Go now before developers do here what they have done to so many other parts of Greece.
Venture to the east, which is more bucolic – low-lying, with beautiful vegetation, creeks and sandy beaches. The best beach is probably Keros, where you can try your hand at windsurfing and kitesurfing, and there are several interesting grottos in the area.
Tour the capital Myrina – a small, quiet place with a few Ottoman remains, old stone mansions, seaside promenade, very good archaeological museum and castle in a dramatic position on the peninsula, with its own deer population.
Experience the Petrified Forest near Moudros, with fossilised trunks, leaves, fruit and palm-tree roots dating from 20-22 million years ago.
Tour the important archaelogical sites of Hephaestia, prehistoric capital of the Pelasgians, and Poliochni, believed to be Europe's oldest Neolithic city. There are also some thermal springs near Hephaestia, while the village of Káspakas is famed for its pretty waterfalls.
Try pottery, horse-riding, farm visits and cookery lessons with Taste Lemnos (tastelemnos.com).