Explore Imperial Rome. Start your trip with a visit to the Forum, centre of political, commercial and judicial life in Ancient Rome. Bring the past to life for budding historians by viewing the whole area from the heights of the Capitoline Hill first, before heading in to explore the ruined temples and basilicas. (Go early to avoid the crowds and the heat of the midday sun.) Kids will love the Colosseum at the east end of the Forum, where they can follow in the footsteps of the gladiators and let their imaginations run riot reenacting the battles and wild animal fights that took place here.
Walking up from the Roman Forum to the Palatine, take in some of Rome's most relaxing ancient sites and some some much-needed shade. Stroll through the Farnese Gardens before visiting the palace ruins of Domus Flavia and Domus Augustana and letting your kids run off some steam at the Stadium (a former palace garden and racing track). Bear in mind that many museums close on Mondays.
Head for the Centro Storico and the Pantheon – the historic centre of Rome is full of activity. Browse the markets in the bustling Campo de'Fiori or take in Bernini's Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi fountains in Piazza Navona – a great bet for families and never too crowded, even in the height of summer. Also by Bernini is the nearby Elephant of Minerva, an Egyptian obelisk uncovered during nearby excavations. The Pantheon, the Roman temple of all gods, and its vast dome are appreciated from the inside. Close-by, the Time Elevator Roma is a 30-minute multimedia ride taking kids on a whistle-stop tour of 3,000 years of ancient Roman history.
If you have more time, venture south to Piazza Bocca della Verità, where kids can place their hand in the Mouth of Truth, a marble face in the porch of the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. According to legend the Bocca della Verità closes shut over the hand of anyone who tells a lie. Also worth a visit is EXPLORA, the first Italian interactive museum for children, in the north of the Centro Storico close to Piazza del Popolo.
In the courtyard of the Palazzo Nuovo, check out Marfario, one of the ‘talking statues’ of Rome, so named for the local custom that developed in the 16th century of pinning political poems, criticisms and witticisms to them. The statue is thought to represent a river god.
Don's miss Vatican City: send a postcard from the Vatican Post Office and explore the rambling rooms of the Vatican Museums, passing Egyptian mummies and portraits of Michelangelo on the way to the Sistine Chapel. Skip the queues by buying tickets online. Take a trip up the dome of St Peter's Basilica, from where you can look down on the Sistine Chapel and the Vatican Gardens, but remember to dress appropriately to meet the Basilica's strict dress code.
Visit Castel Sant Angelo, a fortress connected to the Vatican via a covered passageway built as an escape route for the Pope in times of danger. The 58-room museum retraces all aspects of the castle's history, while the terrace offers spectacular views over Rome.
Sign up for a family workshop at the Zaha Hadid designed Maxxi – the National Museum of 21st-century Arts, or just take in the permanent and temporary exhibitions on contemporary art and architecture.
Escape the crowds by going to Janiculum (Gianicolo Hill), where entertainment includes carriage rides and puppet shows, and where you can enjoy the views and watch the firing of the cannon each day at noon.
Hire bikes and rowing boats at Borghese Gardens, the most famous of Rome's parks, or indulge little ones with pony and cart rides and a visit to the small funfair and to Bioparco, the park's small zoo.
Lastly, don't leave Rome without heading to Tridente to throw a few coins into the Trevi Fountain or to let kids run riot on the Spanish Steps. Nearby, don't miss the Palazzo Zuccari or ‘Monster House’ with its windows and doors that like they're being swallowed by voracious gaping-mouthed creatures designed by Baroque artist Federico Zuccari when he built this place in 1590 as a studio for himself and his children.
The award-winning walking tours firm Context Travel can make Rome more accessible to those with kids with its two- to three-hour family walks: Ancient Rome Discovery, Capitoline Museums for Families, Galleria Borghese for Families, Myths for Families, Underground Rome for Families, and Vatican for Families.