International airlines serve the cities of Ankara (the capital), Istanbul, Dalaman, Izmir, Antalya, Adana and Trabzon. London to Istanbul has a flight time of around 3 hours 45 minutes. There are also no-frills and charter flights from the UK to Istanbul and Dalaman and coastal cities.
Once you’re in Turkey, distances are great, and transport can be patchy. You could take the romantic option and travel by train from Istanbul’s imposing Haydarpasa railway station. The journey to Ankara is comparatively fast, but trains to points further east are slow-moving so you need to allow plenty of time. A much more popular, and efficient, form of transport – one to consider with older, adventurous kids – is the extensive network of long-distance buses that ply their way between major towns and cities. Journeys may last many hours but are broken by frequent rest-stops, and refreshing citrus cologne is liberally dispensed to weary travellers by the conductors.
Otherwise, it may not be the most environmentally friendly option, but many Turkish cities have small airports, offering frequent flights to Istanbul. These internal flights may be a wise choice if you're planning to take in the more remote areas on the eastern borders.
Everywhere in Turkey, local transport is supplied by dolmuses: mini-vans that operate as communal taxis. They operate designated routes and stop to pick up passengers on demand. Prices are fixed and very reasonable.